Document Abstract

Scottish labour market trends (Vol 3 No 1 2019)

Reports on recent trends in Scotland’s labour market, and considers the future outlook. Draws on ONS data from the Labour Force Survey, Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings, and Regional and Subregional Productivity, as well as data from HMRC and the Scottish Government. Includes information on employment rates, unemployment, inactivity, employment by age and gender, trends in unemployment, full-time and part-time employment, earnings and growth in pay, hours worked, and productivity. Compares rates and trends in the Scottish labour market with those in the UK as a whole. Finds that: Scotland’s unemployment rate is at 3.2%, a record low since the current Labour Force Survey began in 1992, and the UK saw its unemployment rate drop to 3.8%, its lowest since 1974; the male employment rate in Scotland is 79.0% and the rate for women is currently 72%; older workers are much more likely to be in employment now than they were earlier in the 2000s; there is a rising trend in the number of workers in part-time employment; median earnings growth in Scotland appears to be consistently lagging behind the UK over the past few years; around 2.7% of the Scottish labour force were on zero-hour contracts, compared to 2.6% for the UK as a whole; and while productivity growth is generally muted, manufacturing industries have seen productivity growth.


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Fraser of Allander Institute

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