Document Abstract

Understanding the gender pay gap in the UK

Presents an overview of the Office for National Statistics headline measures for the gender pay gap and explores some of the factors that affect men’s and women’s pay. Explains that the headline measure is the difference between median gross hourly earnings for men and women as a proportion of median gross hourly earnings for men. Reports that this pay gap has fallen from 10.5% in 2011 to 9.1% in 2017. Discusses working patterns for men and women and explores the pay gap for different occupations, ages, and job tenures. Models men and women’s pay using regression analysis to look at the specific effect of each factor (such as age and occupation). Breaks down the gender pay gap by the factors that influence men and women’s pay. Finds that pay for both genders rises over a life-time, but that it peaks for women earlier. Reports that over 36% of the pay gap could be explained by characteristics included in the model, such as occupation (the largest influence).


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Ardanaz-Badia, Anna; Rawlings, Joshua
Ref No:
Office for National Statistics (ONS)

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