Document Abstract

The state of pay: demystifying the gender pay gap

Explores the gender pay gap in the UK based on an analysis of data on gender pay (economy-wide data produced by the ONS, and new organisation-level data published in April 2018 by more than 10,000 large employers) and narrative reporting by a number of firms. Discusses the drivers of the gender pay gap and includes information pay gaps by occupation, industry, age and region. Reveals that: the UK has a gender pay gap of 18.4% - women earn, on average, 18.4% less per hour than men; the pay gap has six drivers - occupational segregation (more men than women working in certain higher-paid occupations), seniority (women tending to be in less senior roles than men), the maternity penalty, the lower level of part-time pay, historical skills gaps between men and women, and discrimination and bias; the pay gap tends to be lower when pay is lower; the pay gap is largest for women over 40; and the 10,019 employers that have reported have an average pay gap of 12%, with 78% reporting a pay gap of some level. Recommends that employers should: should rethink policies around pay negotiation – women have a lower propensity to negotiate salary; introduce a more structured approach to progression for women; encourage more men to work flexibly, and to take time out for caring responsibilities; and commit to publishing narrative reports alongside their pay gaps.

Downloads

This document is not available to download directly from Research Online. Wherever possible a web link has been included to access the document via the publisherÂ’s website - please check below. If not, the document can be obtained directly from the source organisation or publisher. Skills Development Scotland cannot guarantee that the organisation will not charge for the document.

Web link

View more documents

Other page options

Publication information

Author:
Colebrook, Catherine; Snelling, Charlotte; Longlands, Sarah
Year:
2018
Pages:
36
Ref No:
B50607
Source:
Institute for Public Policy Research (IPPR)

Download Adobe Reader

Notes for Idox Members

Get the latest updates from Skills Development Scotland