Document Abstract

Under-represented entrepreneurs: a literature review

Looks at research examining why some groups, such as migrants, people with disabilities, those with low educational attainment, ethnic minorities, and women, are under-represented in entrepreneurship. Indicates that common barriers across all groups include discrimination, access to finance, access to relevant entrepreneurship advice, and a lack of business skills and experience; while group-specific barriers include a lack of language skills amongst migrants together with a lack of familiarity with host country institutions and culture; and that disabled entrepreneurs are discouraged by the fear of losing benefits from becoming self-employed. Suggests that research has largely ignored the multiple barriers that some people face due to combinations of factors they experience. Notes that interventions to mitigate could include specialist training for advisers and business skills training for under-represented groups of entrepreneurs.


This document is not available to download directly from Research Online. Wherever possible a web link has been included to access the document via the publisherÂ’s website - please check below. If not, the document can be obtained directly from the source organisation or publisher. Skills Development Scotland cannot guarantee that the organisation will not charge for the document.

Web link

View more documents

Other page options

Publication information

Wishart, Maria
Ref No:
Enterprise Research Centre

Download Adobe Reader

Notes for Idox Members

Get the latest updates from Skills Development Scotland