Document Abstract

Reducing mommy penalties with daddy quotas (CASE report no 213)

Investigates the impact of the implementation of a 2006 daddy quota policy - non-transferable paternity leave policy - in Quebec, Canada on mothers’ labour market outcomes. Reviews literature on parental leave polices and previous research on the impact of daddy quotas. Discusses the changes introduced by the Regime Quebecois D’assurance Parentale or the Quebec Parental Insurance Plan (QPIP) in Quebec. Uses labour force survey data and employs a difference-in-difference technique. Examines the impact of the QPIP policy on women’s labour force participation and career outcomes, full-time and part-time employment, unemployment, and hourly wages, analysing both average effects in the five years post implementation and how these effects develop across post-reform years. Finds that exposure to the policy substantially increases mothers’ likelihood of participating in the labour force and working full-time, and decreases their likelihood of working part-time and being unemployed. Reveals no statistically significant effect on hourly wages. Finds that the effects of the policy are largest in 2008 and 2009, two to three years post-reform, raising question over whether the policy had lasting effects.


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Dunatchik, Allison; Özcan, Berkay
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Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion (CASE), London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)

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